Aniversário de 20 anos da legislação americana para pessoas com deficiência é celebrado com atualização da lei
Assinada pelo Presidente George Bush (pai) em 26 de julho de 1990, o Americans with Disabilities Act, que garante direitos às pessoas com deficiência, vai ser modernizado e readequado aos novos tempos.
Para celebrar a data, a legislação está sendo atualizada, inclusive com respeito à acessibilidade na internet, telefones e audiodescrição da TV. O congressista de Rhode Island, Jim Langevin, que é tetraplégico, presidiu a sessão do Congresso americano pela primeira vez em celebração ao aniversário da ADA, com o uso de um elevador especial para subir à tribuna.
Abaixo, um apanhado das celebrações na Casa Branca, que contaram com a participação do Presidente Obama, e da Secretária de Estado Hillary Clinton e ativisitas, além de uma seleção de artigos sobre o assunto. Os textos estâo em inglês.
Obama marks 20th anniversary of Disabilities Act
By DARLENE SUPERVILLE (AP)
WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama marked Monday’s 20th anniversary of a landmark anti-discrimination law for people with disabilities by promising to boost government efforts at recruiting, hiring and retaining people with physical and mental limitations.
In a sun-splashed ceremony on the White House South Lawn, Obama signed an executive order requiring the federal personnel agency to develop model guidelines for hiring people with disabilities, and announced a series of other measures:
_ The Justice Department is publishing new rules to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities by more than 80,000 state and local government agencies and 7 million private businesses.
_ Beginning in 2012, all new construction must meet enhanced design standards for doors, windows, elevators and bathrooms. The requirement covers everything from stores and restaurants to schools, stadiums, hospitals, hotels and theaters.
_ New federal rules are being drafted to ensure people with disabilities better access to websites.
“Not dependence, but independence,” Obama said. “That’s what the (disabilities law) was all about.”
The Americans with Disabilities Act became law on July 26, 1990, signed by President George H.W. Bush to ban workplace discrimination against qualified people with disabilities and require improved access to public places and transportation.
Bush was unable to attend Monday’s ceremony, but he and Obama spoke by telephone before the event.
“He was very humble about his own role but I think it’s worth acknowledging the great work that he did,” Obama said.
The ceremony, attended by White House officials, Cabinet secretaries, members of Congress, grass roots leaders and people with disabilities, featured a reading by actress Marlee Matlin, who is deaf, and an emotional performance by singer Patti LaBelle. Matlin was assisted by a sign language interpreter.
Obama also met before the ceremony with a group of lawmakers, including Rep. Jim Langevin, D-R.I., who is paralyzed from the chest down. On Monday, Langevin presided over the House for the first time. Obama singled out him out for praise.
On landmark law’s 20th anniversary, House passes bill to make Internet more accessible for disabled
The House late Monday passed a bill that aimed at making the Internet and mobile phones more accessible to the disabled through video captions for the hearing impaired and better descriptions of smartphone screens for the blind.
The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act, which was sponsored by Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), cleared the House on a vote of 348 to 23. Its approval came on the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act and as a similar bill works its way through the Senate.
“The ADA mandated physical ramps into buildings,” Markey said in a statement. “Today, individuals with disabilities need online ramps to the Internet so they can get to the Web from wherever they happen to be.”
Some key points of the legislation:
It would become easier for the blind to use smartphones with improved interfaces;
Television shows and movies would have better audio descriptions to benefit the visually impaired;
Cable television program guides would have easier-to-use selection menus to benefit the visually impaired;
Online television shows would be required to have closed-captioning;
Remote controls would have to include an easy-to-use button for closed captioning on broadcast and paid television;
Internet-based phone calls will have to be compatible with hearing aids;
Low-income deaf and blind consumers would be able to tap a $10 million a year program for help in purchasing Internet and telecom services.
Celebrating 20 Years of the Americans with Disabilities Act
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
July 26, 2010
Twenty years ago today the United States ushered in a new era of opportunity for our citizens with passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This groundbreaking legislation has played a critical role in combating disability discrimination and promoting the full inclusion of persons with disabilities in our society. A global pioneer, the ADA has also inspired adoption of disability rights legislation around the world, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities incorporates the core principles and concepts of the ADA. Today we are proud to join our colleagues across government and civil society in celebrating this 20th anniversary.
Here at the State Department we are making inclusion of persons with disabilities a central element in our policies and practices within the Department and around the globe. In July 2009, the United States signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This past June, we welcomed Judith Heumann as the first Special Advisor for International Disability Rights; she is working across the Department to develop a comprehensive strategy to promote the rights of all persons with disabilities internationally. We will continue to address the inclusion of disability issues throughout the Department, including through ensuring the accessibility of buildings, communication, and information technology. I also would like to take this opportunity to recognize the invaluable contributions to the work of the Department made by our colleagues with disabilities and the Disability Advisory Group, who demonstrate on a daily basis the importance of disability inclusion.
Expanding opportunity and supporting human rights are among the most important guideposts in our foreign policy. Discrimination against persons with disabilities is not only an injustice, it is a strain on economic development, a limit to democracy, a burden on families, and a cause of social erosion. For these reasons, we at the State Department must remain committed to the vision of the ADA and to the continued removal of barriers, to create a world in which persons with disabilities truly enjoy the dignity and respect that they deserve.
As part of the wider celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Judith Heumann, the new Special Advisor for International Disability Rights at the State Department, has posted a video message (captioned) on the Facebook page of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. You can access the video here: http://www.facebook.com/stateDRL
The Special Advisor for International Disability Rights is responsible for leading the Obama Administration’s efforts to develop a comprehensive strategy to promote the rights of persons with disabilities internationally; coordinating an interagency process for the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; ensuring that foreign assistance incorporates persons with disabilities; leading on disability human rights issues; ensuring that the needs of persons with disabilities are addressed in international situations; and conducting public diplomacy, including with civil society, on disability issues.
ADA Anniversary Honored With Historic First
Back in 2000, Rhode Island Rep. Jim Langevin became the first quadriplegic individual to be elected to the House. On Monday, Langevin honored the 20th anniversary of the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act by presiding over the House for the first time.
The AP reports that Langevin, who is paralyzed from the chest down, used a unique mechanical lift to make the event possible. The 46-year-old Rhode-Island representative has been handicapped since being injured in a shooting accident when he was 16 years old.
The passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act on July 26, 1990 was a paramount moment in prohibiting workplace discrimination against disabled individuals. Three decades after sustaining his injury, and a decade after his election to Congress, Langevin hopes that moments like this will inspire others to conquer the same roadblocks.
“I know the inspiration I took from other people and how they overcame their challenges,” he told the AP.
O Washington Post teve uma discussão online para marcar o aniversário:
O Blog político The Huffington Post também publicou artigos sobre a data: